期刊目錄列表 - 65卷(2020) - 【師大學報】65(1)三月刊

早期「魄」的形神涵義及消亡 作者:高瑞傑(上海師範大學哲學系博士後研究員)

卷期:65卷第1期
日期:2020年3月
頁碼:1-19
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202003_65(1).0001

摘要:

「魄」往往與「魂」聯繫,多指代鬼神而為人所忽視。事實上「魄」字由月相孳衍而來,其「未盛」之形質為後來發展成魂魄觀念奠定了基礎,漢代又賦予「魄」以倫理道德涵義,凡此作為一種集體潛意識等待佛教輪迴觀念的呼喚,並為佛教思想盡快融入中國奠定了思想基礎。不過,此一轉變亦使其逐漸剝落原始形質之涵義,加之佛教傳入中國後引發的形神論爭,使其逐漸退出了形神關係這一論域。我們通過對早期「魄」語彙的演變進程,亦可覘佛教迅速傳入中國之內在理路。

關鍵詞:形神、鬼神、陰陽、魂魄、輪迴

《詳全文》 檔名

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中文APA引文格式
高瑞傑(2020)。早期「魄」的形神涵義及消亡。師大學報,65(1),1-19。doi:10.6210JNTNU.202003_65(1).0001
APA Format
Rui-Jie Gao (2020). The Implication and Perishing of the Primitive Form and Spirit of "Po". Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 65(1), 1-19, doi:10.6210JNTNU.202003_65(1).0001

Journal directory listing - Volume 65(2020) - Journal of NTNU【65(1)】March


The Implication and Perishing of the Primitive Form and Spirit of "Po" Author: Rui-Jie Gao(Institute of Philosophy Shanghai Normal University Postdoctoral Researcher)

Vol.&No.:Vol.65 , No.1
Date:March 2020
Pages:1-19
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202003_65(1).0001

Abstract:

Frequently associated with "hun"(spiritual soul), "po"(bodily soul) are mostly used to refer to ghosts and thus overlooked by people. The Chinese character po was in fact derived from the moon phase, and the fact that this character refers to the shadowy part of the moon, laid the foundation for later development of the "hun-po" concept.? The Han Dynasty instilled ethical and moral meanings in "po" to constitute a collective subconsciousness in the wait for the Buddhist reincarnation, which accelerated the incorporation of Buddhism into Chinese ideology. However, this transformation of meaning also gradually stripped away the primitive form–matter implication of "po". The form–spirit dispute triggered by the introduction of Buddhism into China gradually led to the withdrawal of "po" from the form–spirit relationship discourse. Examining the evolution of primitive Chinese vocabularies comprising the character "po" assists researchers in determining the inner logic as to how Buddhism was introduced into China in such a short amount of time.

Keywords:form and spirit, ghost, yin and yang, spiritual and bodily soul (hun-po), reincarnation