期刊目錄列表 - 65卷(2020) - 【教育科學研究期刊】65(3)九月刊(本期專題:東南亞國家相關之教育研究)
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晚清美部會華北教會學校系統的形成
作者:國立臺灣師範大學教育學系周愚文

卷期:65卷第3期
日期:2020年9月
頁碼:157-186
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.202009_65(3).0006

摘要:

晚清中國近代教育西化過程中,教會興辦學校是影響因素之一,本研究以最早派員抵華傳教的美部會為例,探討1860年後其以直隸通州傳教站學校為據點,漸發展成華北教育中心,再建立教會學校系統,引入美式教育。本研究屬歷史研究,使用該教會年報、名冊、報刊、書籍及傳記等一手史料。研究發現,該會華北差會1867年至通州設立初等學塾,後學校數量日增、分布日廣及程度日高。1889年通州中學升格為潞河書院,1893年更建構以各傳教站蒙館、潞河中齋及潞河書院的教會學校系統。庚子事變後,美部會與三個差會共組華北教育聯盟,聯合辦學,潞河書院改為華北協和學院。民國初更邁向併校,1918年合三校為燕京大學。由通州潞河書院發展之例,可見晚清美國教育如何由教會而引入中國的軌跡。

關鍵詞:美部會、美國教育、晚清、教會學校、潞河書院

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
    1. 史靜寰(1991)。狄考文和司徒雷登在華的教育活動。臺北市:文津。 【Shi, J.-H. (1991). The educational activities of C. W. Mateer and J. L. Stuart in China. Taipei, Taiwan: Wen-Chin.】
    2. 周愚文(2008)。英國教育史─近代篇(1780-1944)。臺北市:學富。 【Chou, Y.-W. (2008). A modern history of education in England 1780-1944. Taipei, Taiwan: Pro-Ed.】
    3. 周愚文(2017)。晚清戊戌變法前英人在華教育活動與英國教育經驗的輸入。教育研究集刊,63(3),1-39。doi:10.3966/102887082017096303001 【Chou, Y.-W. (2017). Britons’ educational activities and educational transfer to China in the Qing dynasty before the Wuxu reform. Bulletin of Education Research, 63(3), 1-39. doi:10.3966/102887082017096303001】
    4. 周愚文(2019a)。晚清甲午前在華中外人士對於美國教育的介紹。教育研究集刊,65(1),79-122。doi:10.3966/102887082019036501003 【Chou, Y.-W. (2019a). The introduction of American education by missionaries and Chinese officials and commoners in late Ch’ing China before 1894. Bulletin of Education Research, 65(1), 79-122. doi:10.3966/102887082019036501003】
    5. 周愚文(2019b)。十九世紀首位美籍傳教士裨治文在華教育事業與美國教育制度的引介。教育研究集刊,65(4),1-36。doi:10.3966/102887082019126504001 【Chou, Y.-W. (2019b). The educational enterprise of the first American missionary E. J. Bridgman and his introduction of American educational system in late Ch’ing China. Bulletin of Education Research, 65(4), 1-36. doi:10.3966/102887082019126504001】
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中文APA引文格式周愚文(2020)。晚清美部會華北教會學校系統的形成。教育科學研究期刊,65(3),157-186。doi: 10.6209/JORIES.202009_65(3).0006
APA FormatChou, Y.-W. (2020). The Formation of Mission School System of the A.B.C.F.M. in North China in Late Ch’ing. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 65(3), 157-186. doi:10.6209/JORIES.202009_65(3).0006

Journal directory listing - Volume 65(2020) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【65(3)】September (Special Issue: Educational Research on Southeast Asian countries)
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The Formation of Mission School System of the A.B.C.F.M. in North China in Late Ch’ing
Author: Yu-Wen Chou (Department of Education, National Taiwan Normal University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 65, No.3
Date:September 2020
Pages:157-186
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.202009_65(3).0006

Abstract:

Protestant mission schools were instrumental in the westernization of education in late Ch’ing China and the subsequent borrowing of educational ideas and practices from American education. This article explored mission schools at Tung-chou Chili, established by American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (A.B.C.F.M.) — the first American protestant mission in China in the early 19th century. First-hand sources, such as annual reports, pamphlets, journals, biographies, and books were reviewed in this article. A mission station was established at Tung-chou in 1867, followed by a boys’ school. The number of schools was increasing at the time, and their levels were also being elevated. Tung-chou High School was upgraded to North China College at Tung-chou in 1889. Additionally, an American mission school system was established, comprising day and boarding schools in addition to academies and colleges. After the Boxer incident, the North China Education Union was established by four protestant missions, and North China College was transformed into North China Union College. After its merger with Peking Methodist University and North China Union College for Women, North China College turned into a new university, Yenching University, in 1918. A case study of the development of North China College demonstrated the process of American education being transferred into late Ch’ing China.

Keywords:A.B.C.F.M., American education, late Ch’ing, mission schools, North China College