期刊目錄列表 - 66卷(2021) - 【師大學報】66(1)三月刊
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苗栗四縣客家話單字調半音轉換聲學分析
作者:鄭明中(鄭國立聯合大學客家語言與傳播研究所教授)

卷期:66卷第1期
日期:2021年3月
頁碼:89-114
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004

摘要:

本研究利用聲學分析苗栗四縣客家話六個單字調,參與者為12名以苗栗四縣客家話為母語的中年層發音人(男女各半)。本研究首先採集這些發音人的單字調,接著利用PRAAT測量基頻長度,並在基頻曲線上平均選取11個點測量基頻數值,隨後將基頻數值轉換為半音值(semitone [ST] value)。分析結果顯示,經半音值公式轉換的苗栗四縣客家話六個單字調的調值分別為[34, 31, 41, 55, 42, 55],這個結果與運用T值公式轉換的結果差異不大。本研究發現,不論利用T值或ST值,傳統調查與聲學分析不一致之處均是低調域的單字調。有鑑於此,未來研究的重點應放在調值如何調整,從而使得低調域的單字調在傳統調查與聲學分析之間能趨於一致。

關鍵詞:半音、四縣、客家話、單字調、聲學

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
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    2. 王韞佳、李美京,〈調型和調階對陽平和上聲知覺的作用〉,《心理學報》,42卷9期(2010),頁899-908。https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2010.00899。
    3. 古國順,〈臺灣客語的音韻系統〉,載於《臺灣客家概論》,古國順(主編),頁117-161,臺北市:五南,2005。
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    5. 石鋒,〈論五度值記調法〉,載於《語音學探微》,石鋒(編著),頁27-52,北京市:北京大學出版社,1990。
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中文APA引文格式
鄭明中(2021)。苗栗四縣客家話單字調半音轉換聲學分析。師大學報,66(1),89-114。doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004
中文Chicago引文格式
鄭明中,〈苗栗四縣客家話單字調半音轉換聲學分析〉,《師大學報》,66卷1期(2021):頁89-114。doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004
APA Format
Ming-Chung Cheng (2021). Acoustic Analysis of the Citation Tones in Miaoli Sixian Hakka: Based on Semitone Transformation Formula. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66(1), 89-114. doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004
Chicago Format
Ming-Chung Cheng. “Acoustic Analysis of the Citation Tones in Miaoli Sixian Hakka: Based on Semitone Transformation Formula.” Journal of National Taiwan Normal University 66.1(2020): 89-114. doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004

Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of NTNU【66(1)】March
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Acoustic Analysis of the Citation Tones in Miaoli Sixian Hakka: Based on Semitone Transformation Formula
Author:
Ming-Chung Cheng (Institute of Hakka Language and Communication National United University Professor )

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 1
Date:March 2021
Pages:89-114
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0004

Abstract:

This study acoustically explored six citation tones in Miaoli Sixian Hakka (MSH) in terms of semitone transformation formula. Twelve middle-aged MSH native speakers participated in this study. First, this study recorded the citation tones of these MSH native speakers; then, PRAAT was used to measure F0 duration. The F0 duration was averagely divided into 10 portions, and the F0 values of the 11 points were extracted. The extracted F0 values were then transformed into semitone values. Using the formula, the tonal values of the six citation tones in MSH were [34, 31, 41, 55, 42, 55],  similar to those obtained using the T-value transformation formula. This study found that the descriptive discrepancy between traditional survey and acoustic analysis lies in the citation tones in the low-tone register. Therefore, future studies should emphasize the modulation of tonal values to match acoustic analysis with traditional survey.

Keywords:semitone, Sixian, Hakka, citation tone, acoustics