期刊目錄列表 - 66卷(2021) - 【教育科學研究期刊】66(2)六月刊
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臺灣學校領導研究與全球學術的連結:文獻計量分析
作者:淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所潘慧玲、國立暨南國際大學教育政策與行政學系陳文彥

卷期:66卷第2期
日期:2021年6月
頁碼:175-206
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202106_66(2).0006

摘要:

       回顧性研究對公共政策與知識基礎之建立具有重要意義,但臺灣對於學校領導領域研究的回顧並不多見,故本研究以收錄於Scopus資料庫的期刊文章為範圍,以文獻計量方法進行近20年之研究回顧,探討的核心旨趣在於瞭解本土研究與全球學術的連結。經篩選後,計以95篇中、英文文章為分析對象。重要研究發現有三:一、在發表數量與期刊方面,臺灣於2001年方有學校領導的英文論文發表於國際期刊,而世界大學排名之強調及頂尖大學計畫之推動,雖使過往獨重中文發表的狀況產生改變,惟整體發表量仍偏少,且刊登於教育領導與管理核心期刊的比例亦不及兩成。二、以文獻被引用情形分析國際能見度,近20年臺灣學校領導論文被引用數前十名的作者,平均論文篇數為3.5篇、平均被引用數則為45.2次,其中,平均被引用數與非洲地區教育領導研究之落差為3.33倍,與亞洲、非洲及拉丁美洲三個新興地區之落差為11.78倍。三、臺灣學者之研究主題能與國際學界相呼應,但仍有部分議題尚待開展。而共引用分析結果顯示,臺灣學校領導研究的智識結構可分為學習領導、分散形式的領導、領導行為及其影響,以及社會網絡等四個論述派別。上述結果指陳全球化下臺灣教育行政領域的發展,除可致力國際影響力的提升,亦應力求議題之多元。

關鍵詞:文獻計量分析、共引用分析、研究回顧、教育領導、學校領導

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
    1. 林明地(2000)。校長領導的影響:近三十年來研究結果的分析。國家科學委員會研究彙刊:人文及社會科學,10(2),232-254。 【Lin, M.-D. (2000). The impact of principal leadership: An analysis of the research findings, 1970-1999. Proceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China, Part C: Humanities and Social Sciences, 10(2), 232-254.】
    2. 張元杰、邱文宏、蔡林彤飛(2010)。台灣科技管理研究的回顧與展望:書目計量的觀點。科技管理學刊,15(4),1-27。https://doi.org/10.6378/JTM.201012.0001 【Chang, Y.-C., Chiu, W.-H., & Tsai-Lin, T.-F. (2010). The retrospect and prospect on MOT research in Taiwan: A bibliometric analysis. Journal of Technology Management, 15(4), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.6378/JTM.201012.0001】
    3. 陳文彥、潘慧玲(2019)。校長領導對教師學習領導的影響:檢視信任關係與學業強調的調節作用。教育科學研究期刊,64(1),119-147。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.201903_64(1).0005 【Chen, W.-Y., & Pan, H.-L. W. (2019). The effect of principal leadership on teacher leadership for learning: How trust and academic emphasis moderate? Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 64(1), 119-147. https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.201903_64(1).0005】
    4. 蔡明月(2004)。論資訊計量學。圖書館學與資訊科學,30(2),83-91。 【Tsay, M.-Y. (2004). An introduction to informetrics. Journal of Library and Information Science, 30(2), 83-91.】
    5. 潘慧玲(2010,10月30日)。教育領導與學校變革研究議題的發展。國科會教育學門教育行政與政策、師資培育領域專題計畫成果發表會,嘉義市,臺灣。 【Pan, H.-L. W. (2010, October 30). The development of research issues on educational leadership and school change. National Science Council Project Presentation on Educational Administration and Policy, and Teacher Education in the Field of Education, Chiayi City, Taiwan.】
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中文APA引文格式潘慧玲、陳文彥(2021)。臺灣學校領導研究與全球學術的連結:文獻計量分析。教育科學研究期刊,66(2),175-206。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202106_66(2).0006
APA FormatPan, H.-L., & Chen, W.-Y. (2021). Connection between Taiwanese research on school leadership and global scholarship: A bibliometric review. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 66(2), 175-206. https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202106_66(2).0006

Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【66(2)】June
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Connection Between Taiwanese Research on School Leadership and Global Scholarship: A Bibliometric Review
Author: Hui-Ling Wendy Pan (Graduate Institute of Educational Policy and Leadership, Tamkang University), Wen-Yan Chen (Department of Educational Policy and Administration, National Chi Nan University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 2
Date:June 2021
Pages:175-206
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202106_66(2).0006

Abstract:

1. Background
Systematic reviews may inform public policies and contribute to the building of a knowledge base. However, reviews of school leadership research are relatively rare in Taiwan. This study conducted a bibliometric review to analyze journal papers by Taiwanese scholars in the Scopus database published in the previous 20 years. The focus was to examine the connection between Taiwanese and global research on school leadership.
2. Research questions
On the basis of the research background, four research questions were proposed: (1) What is the volume and growth trajectory of Taiwanese school leadership research? (2) What is the international visibility of Taiwanese school leadership research as revealed through citation analysis? (3) What are the main topics covered by Taiwanese school leadership research and how do they correspond to the global trend? (4) What is the intellectual structure of Taiwanese school leadership research and how do it connect with the global literature?
3. Theoretical framework
(1) Intellectual development of school leadership research
The theory movement in the 1950s and 1960s highlighted the development of educational administration research. Griffiths (1959) categorized these theories into four groups: social system and role theory, leadership theory, decision theory, and organizational theory. In the 1970s, contingency theory, which emphasizes the influence of context on leadership, was proposed. With the growing interest in school effectiveness and school reform, the organizational perspective was applied to investigate school leadership. Instructional leadership was also emphasized from then on. In the 1990s, other leadership approaches such as transformational leadership, moral leadership, and distributed leadership became popular in school leadership research. With the power paradigm shifting from a heroic view of leaders to a more dispersed view of power, distributed leadership and teacher leadership were also highly recognized. In response to the international context, leadership for learning, which includes elements of instructional leadership, transformational leadership, and shared leadership, has gained global attention in the new millennium.
(2) Retrospective view of school leadership research
Systematic reviews did not appear in the field of educational administration until the 1980s. EPPI-Centre (2012) indicated the four key features of systematic reviews. First, a high quality systematic review is explicit and is conducted using transparent methods. Second, it follows a standard set of stages. Third, the review is accountable, replicable, and updateable. Fourth, users should be involved to ensure reports are relevant and useful. The elements of reviews include the central topics of interest, guiding questions, and goals; a conceptual perspective for guiding the review’s selection, evaluation, and interpretation of the studies; sources and types of data; data evaluation and analysis; and the major results of the review (Hallinger, 2014). However, according to Hallinger’s study in 2014, only eight reviews met these criteria. Of the eight studies, some used critical synthesis, some adopted meta-analysis, and some employed both. In recent years, network analysis, data mining, and bibliometric analysis are increasingly being applied in systematic reviews.
In addition to a greater diversity in methods, the regions under review have expanded from the United States and United Kingdom to many other regions. This development can be attributed to Hallinger’s effort to initiate international collaboration to build the knowledge base of educational leadership in Asia. Because of the growing interest in the academic development in non-Western countries, he promoted the use of systematic reviews to examine studies in Asia, Africa, Saudi Arabia, and Central and South America, which resulted in more than 30 systematic reviews on educational leadership and management.
A wide range of research topics is a prominent feature of educational leadership and management research. Five topics that have gained frequent attention are social justice, female leadership, school leadership preparation and development, trust, and instruction and instructional leadership. The following are the topics of frontier research in this field: principal, school leadership, and student achievement; distributed leadership, instructional leadership, teacher learning, accountability, school improvement, school reform, and leadership development; and race, justice, and urban education.
In Taiwan, research reviews on educational leadership are scant. According to Lin’s (2000) review, only a few studies have focused on the impact of principals on students. Pan’s (2010) review indicated that of all the educational leadership studies in government-funded projects and journals, 70% of the topics were related to principals’ leadership styles and behaviors. The distribution of the research topics was not sufficiently diversified to reflect global academic development.
4. Research method
This study used bibliometric analysis on the Scopus database to analyze Taiwanese school leadership research. The review process was based on the steps of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) developed by Moher et al. (2009). After the process of screening, identification, eligibility determination, and inclusion, 95 papers were included for analysis. Descriptive analysis, citation analysis, co-occurrence analysis of keywords, and co-citation analysis were conducted to address the research questions.
5. Research findings
The study had the following three key findings: (1) Concerning the volume of publication in journals, the first English paper on Taiwanese school leadership research did not appear until 2001. Although the promotion of the world university rankings and the launch of the Top University Project have changed the trend of solely using Chinese for academic writing, the number of English studies on school leadership remains limited. Moreover, only 14.7% of papers are published in the core journals of education leadership and management. (2) A citation analysis revealed that the international visibility of Taiwanese school leadership research is low. The average number of papers of the 10 most cited Taiwanese scholars is 3.5, and they have been cited an average of 45.2 times. The number of citations of Taiwanese scholars is 3.33 times less than that of African educational leadership research and 11.78 times less than that of research on three emerging regions. (3) The research topics selected by Taiwanese scholars may highlight international academic development; however, some underdeveloped topics remain such as social justice leadership, organizational theory, institutional theory, and social capital. The current co-citation analysis revealed the four schools of thought of Taiwanese school leadership, namely leadership for learning, distributed forms of leadership, leadership behavior and its impact, and social network.
6. Contributions
Systematic reviews on school leadership are scarce in Taiwan. The present study conducted a bibliometric analysis to examine the development and features of Taiwanese school leadership literature which is innovative in the research method. The connection between Taiwanese studies on school leadership research and global scholarship has seldom been addressed in relevant research. The current analysis presents the development of Taiwanese school leadership and its connection with global trends, providing critical insights and directions for future research on school leadership in Taiwan.
7. Implications
The present findings indicate the future direction of Taiwanese academic development in the field of educational administration. First, publishing more research in English can help increase the international impact of Taiwanese scholars. Greater exposure in English publications can highlight the fruitful outcome of Taiwanese school leadership research internationally. Building the academic connections between Taiwan and other countries will also be beneficial. Second, the current study identified a gap between Taiwanese school leadership research and the global trend. Including more diversified topics may help broaden the scope of research. Some topics recommended for future study include social justice leadership, organizational theory, institutional theory, social capital theory, social justice theory, and critical racialism. Third, conducting periodic replication studies using bibliometric analysis may help track the development of Taiwanese school leadership research. In particular, this method allows for a comparison of the distinguishing features of research among different periods. Fourth, a bibliometric analysis on Taiwanese school leadership research published in Chinese would be of considerable value. Taiwan has several literature databases that collect domestic research. However, the data structure provides insufficient information for an effective bibliometric analysis. To maximize the usefulness of these databases, their data structure design merits special consideration.

Keywords:bibliometric review, co-citation analysis, review of research, educational leadership, school leadership