期刊目錄列表 - 66卷(2021) - 【教育科學研究期刊】66(4)十二月刊(本期專題:校園成癮行為暨防制)
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(專題)「青春無菸煙」校園電子煙危害防制教學活動之成效初探
作者:國立臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系劉冠儀、高雄醫學大學公共衛生學系廖容瑜、國立陽明大學臨床護理研究所張文琪、新北市重慶國小健康中心劉芳怡、康寧學校財團法人康寧大學護理科呂莉婷

卷期:66卷第4期
日期:2021年12月
頁碼:167-182
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202112_66(4).0006

摘要:
  根據相關統計資料顯示,各國電子煙的盛行率逐年攀高,尤其青少年使用電子煙的平均盛行率已達16.4%。衛生福利部國民健康署(2021)推估我國青少年使用電子煙已超過5.7萬人,對青少年健康之危害甚大。為了能淨化校園,杜絕電子煙對青少年的戕害,發展電子煙防制措施已是刻不容緩。本研究採「前導試驗」方式,以某所國小為場域進行實務教學,旨在瞭解透過本教學方式是否能提升教學成效。收案時間為2021年3月至4月,由場域學校之教師執行本研究的實務教學活動,執行期間共計53人於教學前後完成問卷施測,結果發現在知識、自我效能等變項能有正向的提升效果,顯示本研究設計之教學活動具可行性,可作為校園電子煙危害防制的實務措施。

關鍵詞:青春無菸煙、校園、教學活動、電子煙危害防制

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
    1. 梁宜芬(2013)。影響國中生吸菸行為相關因素之研究:以桃園縣為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學。【Liang, Y.-F. (2013). Factors related to smoking behavior among junior high school students in Taoyuan County. [Unpublished master’s thesis]. National Taiwan Normal University.】
    2. 廖信榮、李景美、何文雀、顏麗娟、林世華、苗迺芳、龍芝寧(2005)。臺北市國民小學五年級學生菸害預防教育介入成效分析。學校衛生,(47),25-52。https://doi.org/10.30026/CJSH.200512.0002【Liao, H.-J., Lee, C.-M., Ho, W.-C., Yen, L., Lin, S.-H., Miao, N.-F., & Lung, C.-N. (2005). Study on a Tobacco preventive education intervention among the fifth-grade students in Taipei City. Chinese Journal of School Health, (47), 25-52. https://doi.org/10.30026/CJSH.200512.0002】
    3. 賴鼎富、林倩宇、廖邕(2019)。青少年電子煙使用與吸菸意圖或吸菸行為之關聯性:系統性文獻回顧。台灣公共衛生雜誌,38(2),124-138。https://doi.org.10.6288/TJPH.201904_38(2).107136【Lai, T.-F., Lin, C.-Y., & Liao, Y. (2019). Association of e-cigarette use with smoking intentions and behaviors among adolescents: A systematic review. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 38(2), 124-138. https://doi.org.10. 6288/TJPH.201904_38(2).107136】
    4. 衛生福利部國民健康署菸害防制組(2021)。青少年吸菸行為調查結果。https://www.hpa.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=1725&pid=9931【The Health Promotion Administration (2021). Global youth tobacco survey, GYTS. https://www.hpa.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=1725&pid=9931】
    5. 教育部(2021)。當前教育重大政策。https://www.edu.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=D33B55D537402BAA&s=37E2FF8B7ACFC28B【Ministry of Education. (2021). Major policies. https://www.edu.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=D33B55D537402BAA&s=37E2FF8B7ACFC28B】
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中文APA引文格式劉冠儀、廖容瑜、張文琪、劉芳怡、呂莉婷(2021)。「青春無菸煙」校園電子煙危害防制教學活動之成效初探。教育科學研究期刊,66(4),167-182。https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202112_66(4).0006
APA FormatLiu, K.-Y., Liao, J.-Y., Chang, W.-C., Liu, F.-Y., & Lu, L.-T. (2021). “Youth Smoke-Free” Teaching Activities for Preventing E-Cigarette Use: A Pilot Study. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 66(4), 167-182. https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202112_66(4).0006

Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【66(4)】December (Special Issue: Addictive Behavior and Prevention and Control on Campus)
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(Special Issue) “Youth Smoke-Free” Teaching Activities for Preventing E-Cigarette Use: A Pilot Study
Author: Kuan-Yi Liu (Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Jung-Yu Liao (Department of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University), Wen-Chi Chang (Institute of Clinical Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University), Fang-Yi Liu (Health Center, Chongqing elementary school), Li-Ting Lu (Department of Nursing, University of Kang Ning)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 4
Date:December 2021
Pages:167-182
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6209/JORIES.202112_66(4).0006

Abstract:
Aim and Motivation of the Study
  Additives in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) can damage the autonomous nervous, central nervous, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. Furthermore, these additives may contain cannabis, amphetamine, and other drugs. Therefore, e-cigarettes can be a route through which additive substances enter the body and cause physical and mental harm. Studies have indicated that the progression to future smoking in nonsmoking adolescents increased six-fold after e-cigarette use. A 2018 study revealed that the mean prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents in nine countries was 16.4%. The prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents in Taiwan is gradually increasing; in March 2021, nearly 60,000 Taiwanese adolescents used e-cigarettes, which illustrates the popularity of e-cigarette use in Taiwanese youth. Therefore, increasing adolescents’ caution toward e-cigarettes and preventing e-cigarettes from harming schools have become urgent concerns in health education.
Literature Review
  In 2020, Liu, Gaiha, and Halpern-Felsher investigated methods for controlling e-cigarette use by examining 16 e-cigarette prevention and cessation or treatment programs. Of these programs, few were related to e-cigarette intervention. However, seven studies have evaluated the cognitive effectiveness of e-cigarette control programs. Two studies were conducted in 2021: that of Gaiha et al. referenced the Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit to develop a 30-minute e-cigarette prevention educational activity and that of Weser et al. employed virtual reality to design an e-cigarette prevention activity called “Invite Only VR: A Vaping Prevention Game” (Invite Only VR). In the first study, researchers were able to increase junior and senior high school students’ e-cigarette awareness and decrease the students’ behavioral intention to try e-cigarettes. The second study demonstrated that moderate knowledge and perceived harm in junior high school students led to a decrease in reported likelihood of using e-cigarettes; however, no significant changes in attitudes, social perceptions, and self-efficacy were observed. Existing e-cigarette prevention and control programs lack comprehensive designs. Therefore, more evidence-based tools, resources, and related evaluation studies are required.
Study Methods
  In this pilot study, students from a grade 5 and a grade 6 class were included as participants. Teachers combined a “smoke-free adolescence” teaching activity focused on controlling e-cigarette use with actual school classes to guide students through experiential classes. This enabled teachers to adjust the design of the teaching activities as required. A structured questionnaire was used in this study for pretest and posttest effectiveness evaluations of knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and intention. SPSS 22.0 was used to perform a paired t test to compare differences in participants before and after course activities.
Study Results
  A total of 53 elementary school students completed the questionnaire. A paired t test was used to assess the performance of the students with respect to knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and intention. The results revealed no significant differences in levels of knowledge and self-efficacy. However, the mean values for both attitudes and intention were higher in the posttest than in the pretest, which indicates that teaching intervention to prevent e-cigarette harm can positively affect attitudes and intentions.
Discussion and Suggestions
  Conventional health education in Taiwan provides health theme–related factual knowledge but lacks scenario-based guidance and integration. This causes student knowledge to be singular or fragmented and is not conducive to cultivating health literacy among students. The “smoke-free adolescence” school teaching activity use employed in this study was developed with consideration for individuals, families, schools, and the law, and various teaching materials were designed that combined the 4Fs (fact, feeling, finding, and future) and health literacy. These materials included scenarios and were presented in digital, comic, and animation formats, which have broad and flexible applications. The questionnaire included items measuring knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, and intention to not use e-cigarettes. The results of the evaluations support the usability of the course. The proposed course can be implemented in the future, and suitable themes can be selected according to on-site teaching contexts and subsequently evaluated for effectiveness.
In this pilot study, only one elementary school served as the study site, and convenience sampling was employed. Thus, the study is limited in its generalizability. We recommend that the sampling scope and size be increased in future studies and that random sampling be employed to improve sample representativeness. In addition, this was only a preliminary study. No control group was included for comparison, and student follow-up was not performed. Therefore, we were unable to elucidate the long-term effectiveness of the teaching materials; future studies can consider this aspect.

Keywords:Kuan-Yi Liu (Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University), Jung-Yu Liao (Department of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University), Wen-Chi Chang (Institute of Clinical Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University), Fang-Yi Liu (Health Center, Chongqing elementary school), Li-Ting Lu (Department of Nursing, University of Kang Ning)