Journal directory listing - Volume 31-41 (1986-1996) - Volume 36 (1991)

A Survey on the Problem of Corporal Punishment in Elementary and Junior High School
Author: Yung-Hwa Chen, Kun-Tsan Lin(College of Education, National Taiwan Normal University)


The purpose of this study is to investigate the views and facts of corporal punishment by teachers, students, and parents in recent years. In addition, a practicable program for the gov-ernment to solve the problems arising from corporal punishment is proposed.
The subjects are choson from 52 elementary and junior high schools in Taiwan, including 2191 teachers, 1312 parents, and 6941 students. Three sets of questionnaires are provided for teachers, parents, and students respectively.
The results of this investigation are:
1.Cognitively most teachers, parents, and students regard both reward-punishment and ex-hortation as the better ways to correct students misbehavior and to increase students acieve-ment.
2.Practically 87.2% of the teachers admit that they practiced corporal punishment once or more than once last semester. And 92.8% of the students acknowledge that they have been punished corporally. Among them 23% were punished 5-10 tunes in a semester.
3.Teachers (45.7%), patents (55.6%), and students (84%), admit that parents have asked teachers to punish their children. And the most pervasive forms of corporal punishment used by teachers are "plain swatting", "standing", "spanking", "forced labor", and "bending".
4.Teachers (95.5%), parents (90.1%), and students (79.9%) agree that as long as no in-jury is inflicted, proper corporal punishment is permissible.
5.If proper corporal punishment is allowed, a set of guidelines must be established to be followed by the school and approved by a higher educati 

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