期刊目錄列表 - 65卷(2020) - 【教育科學研究期刊】65(2)六月刊

探索需求導向師資培育的政策干預:以變遷中的國民小學教育為例 作者:淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所張鈿富、加州州立聖荷西大學人文與藝術學院張曉琪

卷期:65卷第2期
日期:2020年6月
頁碼:223-250
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.202006_65(2).0008

摘要:
       透過政策與實務的檢視,本研究目的在探討邁向未來的臺灣師資培育。由於出生率下降與教師的退休,師資供需的平衡已成為國民小學教育主要的問題。根據師資的供需模式,本研究選定國民小學階段作為案例探討此一問題。居於供需平衡的概念,本研究以設計的模式來呈現策略選擇的過程。供給面包括師資培育機構的就學人數即國民小學師資培育機構的容納量。需求面包括國民小學的容納量,用以反映此一系統內教師需求的減少或增加。自我迴歸平均移動統整模式與轉換模式用於建立預測國小師資及師資培育機構未來的容納量。研究結果顯示,師資培育機構需要考量少子化而重新調整,然而,國小教育規模的縮小師資培育機構未來仍受困於師資的過度供給。本研究建議根據預測的數值來調整生師比,此為政策干預的一個選項,可以提供國小教育階段師資供需更合理的平衡邏輯。本研究建議的模式可提供一個模擬範例,以探討未來師資供需複雜的問題。

關鍵詞:自我迴歸平均移動統整模式、教育政策、供給與需求、師資培育、轉換模式

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. Achille, N., Haberman, S., & Consigli, G. (2018). A multivariate approach to project common trends in mortality indices. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3149989
  2. Apple, M. W. (2001). Educating the “right” way: Markets, standards, god, and inequality. New York, NY: Routledge Palmer.
  3. Bisgard, S., & Kulachi, M. (2011). Time series analysis and forecasting by example. New York, NY: Wiley & Sons.
  4. Box, G. E. P., & Jenkins, G. M. (1976). Times series analysis: Forecasting and control. San Francisco, CA: Holden-Day.
  5. Box, G. E. P., Jenkins, G. M., & Reinsel, G. C. (2008). Time series analysis: Forecasting and control. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
» 展開更多
中文APA引文格式張鈿富、張曉琪(2020)。探索需求導向師資培育的政策干預:以變遷中的國民小學教育為例。教育科學研究期刊,65(2),223-250。doi:10.6209/JORIES.202006_65(2).0008
APA FormatChang D.-F., & Chang, A. (2020). Exploring Policy Intervention for Demand-driven Teacher Preparation: A Case Study in Changing Elementary Education. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 65(2), 223-250. doi:10.6209/JORIES.202006_65(2).0008

Journal directory listing - Volume 65(2020) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【65(2)】June

Exploring Policy Intervention for Demand-driven Teacher Preparation: A Case Study in Changing Elementary Education Author: Dian-Fu Chang (Graduate Institute of Educational Policy and Leadership, Tamkang University), Angel Chang (College of Humanities and the Arts, San José State University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 65, No.2
Date:June 2020
Pages:223-250
DOI:10.6209/JORIES.202006_65(2).0008

Abstract:
        This study aims to explore teacher preparation education over the next decade in Taiwan byreviewing previous policy and praxis. Due to the declining birth rate and teacher retirement, balancing teacher supply and demand has become a crucial issue in elementary education. Based on teacher supply and demand models, we selected elementary education as a case example to tackle this issue. Grounded in the notion of balancing supply-demand, this study demonstrates the process of strategy selection in the designed models. The supply side includes enrollment in teacher training programs in terms of capacity of teacher preparations in elementary schools. The demand side includes elementary schools’ capacity, which can reflect if the demand for teachers is decreasing or increasing. Autoregressive integrated moving average and transfer functions were used to build the fittest models to predict the capacities of teachers and teacher preparation programs for elementary education. The results reveal that the teacher preparation programs should be remodeled to take account of the declining birthrate. Even so, the preparation system will still have an oversupply of teachers due to the shrinking requirement for elementary education. This study proposes adjusting the student-teacher ratio following our predicted values, as a tool for policy intervention, to provide more reasonable balancing logics of teacher supply and demand for elementary education. The proposed models may provide examples for exploring the complicated issue of future teacher supply and demand.

Keywords:ARIMA, education policy, supply and demand, teacher education, transfer function