Journal directory listing - Volume 50 Number 2 (2005/October) - Education【50(2)】

Development of an At-School Adolescent“Everyday Misery” Index Author: Fang-Ming Hwang(Department of Education,NCYU),Kin-Bao Yang(Department of Infant and Child Care,NTCN),Fu-Seng Hsu(Department of Police Administration,CPU)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 50, No. 2
Date:October 2005


The purpose of this study was to develop, using a series of analytic procedures, a reliable and valid scale for measuring adolescents’ perception of “everyday misery” at school. 1494 valid questionnaires were collected from the Taiwan area. The samples were divided into three sets by an SPSS10.0 random procedure. The first sample set was used to generate the factors through exploratory factor analysis: this resulted in a scale of five factors: the “school environment factor,” “family influence factor,” “social situation factor,” “future development factor,” and “government-generated factor.” Then a series of competing models was established and evaluated by the second sample set using confirmatory factor analysis procedure. The five-factor oblique model was found to be the most efficient one. The internal-component evaluation found that latent variables have good reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. The cross-validation was tested by the third sample set for the model. The model’s stability and predictive power were confirmed.

Keywords:“Everyday Misery” index, cross-validation, competing models, confirmatory factor analysis

《Full Text》

APA FormatHwang, F.-M., Yang, K.-B., & Hsu, F.-S. (2005). Development of an At-School Adolescent “Everyday Misery” Index. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University: Education, 50(2), 97-119. doi:10.3966/2073753X2005105002006