Journal directory listing - Volume 61 (2016) - Journal of Research in Education Sciences【61(1)】March

How Do I Know What I Care About?—Analysis of Technologies-of-Self for Undergraduates With Different Backgrounds Author: Ding-Ying Guo(Department of Education, National University of Tainan)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 61, No. 1
Date:March 2016


The purposes of this study were to survey the current status of undergraduates’ technologies-of-self and to analyze the differences of technologies-of-self for undergraduates with different backgrounds. The subjects were 1,361 undergraduates who participated in the survey study by using “The Technologies-of-Self Inventory for Undergraduates” as an instrument. The protocol of this instrument was prepared according to a literature review and data obtained from interviewing 40 undergraduates, whereas the validity and reliability of the instrument were established using a subsequent pretest in which 452 undergraduates participated. The data obtained from the survey study were statistically analyzed through frequency distribution, MONOVA, and a Scheffé Post Hoc Test by using SPSS for Windows 21.0 as software. The findings of this study indicate that the undergraduates adopted nine types of technologies-of-self: exercise, confession, problematization, self-examination, dialogue, parrhesia, transgressive experience, moderation, and observation. Their use of technologies-of-self was determined to be medium–high. The exercise technology was most often adopted by the undergraduates, whereas the confession technology was the most seldom used. The frequent use of exercise technology may have occurred because learning is the salient role of undergraduates, whereas the infrequent use of confession technology may have resulted from educational or cultural differences between Taiwan and Western countries. Undergraduates with a specific religious belief adopted more technologies-of-self compared with those with no specific religious beliefs. The results of this study imply that self-discovery and self-formation can be achieved by undergraduates through technologies-of-self.

Keywords:undergraduate, self, technologies-of-self

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APA Format
Guo, D.-Y. (2016). How Do I Know What I Care About?—Analysis of Technologies-of-Self for Undergraduates With Different Backgrounds. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 61(1), 169-199. doi:10.6209/JORIES.2016.61(1).07