Journal directory listing - Volume 21-30 (1976-1985) - Volume 28 (1983)

Preparation of 3-Cyanopyridine and Benzonitrile by Ammoxidation
Author: Jhy-ming Horng, Chuwn-feng Sheu, Chao-tung Chen, Chen-hsia Wang(Department of Chemistry College of Sciences)


3-Cyanopyridine is the intermediate for nicotinamidc and nicotinic acid. Benzonitrile is the intermediate for homosulfamine. A procedure has now been established for the laboratory fluidized-bed ammoxidation of 3-picoline and toluene to form 3-cyanopyridine in 35.2% yield and benzonitrile in 41.5% yield. The effects of reaction temperature, mole ratio of reactants, and amount of catalyst were studied.

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